The Steam Engine and the Automobile revolutions in the Nineteenth century had made global impact on communications, business and manufacturing across the world and peoples' lives. Invention of powered flight was a major breakthrough in the twentieth century.
The Wright brothers – Orville (August 19, 1871 – January 30, 1948) and Wilbur (April 16, 1867 – May 30, 1912) – were two American pioneers who were credited for inventing, building, and flying the world's first successful motor-operated airplane. They made the first controlled, sustained flight of a powered, heavier-than-air aircraft with the Wright flyer on December 17, 1903, 4 mi (6 km) south of Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. The brothers were also the first to invent aircraft controls that made fixed-wing powered flight possible.